SEBI/HO/IMD/DF1/OW/P/2021/31147/1 October 29, 2021
ASK Wealth Advisors Pvt. Ltd. as a SEBI Registered Portfolio Manager seeks clarification on the following understanding –
(i) “Subject to the restrictions imposed under Regulation 24 (4) of the SEBI (Portfolio Managers) Regulations 2020 and Master Direction – Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS) (LRS Circular), a Portfolio Manager may invest funds of resident individual clients, who are rendered non discretionary and advisory services by the portfolio manager, in securities of companies outside India and units of offshore mutual funds or offshore venture capital funds. Accordingly, portfolio managers may invest funds of their individual clients who avail non discretionary portfolio management services in offshore shares and securities (as per the terms of LRS Circular) up to 25% of their assets under management since such offshore shares and securities are not listed or traded on Indian Stock Exchanges. This is on the basis that the shares of offshore companies or units of offshore mutual funds or venture capital funds which are not listed in India stock exchanges cannot be classified as 'securities listed or traded on recognised stock exchange' and hence would be classified as 'unlisted shares'.
(ii) Request that a clarification to Regulation 24 (4) of the SEBI (Portfolio Managers) Regulations 2020 be issued by SEBI stating that it is permissible for both clients of portfolio managers to facilitate investments of their discretionary as well as non discretionary services in shares of a company undergoing an IPO process upon the issue becoming open for subscription by the public.
(i) In regard to query (i) above, the following is informed:
(a) In terms of regulation 2 (o) of the SEBI (Portfolio Manager) Regulations, 2020 a “portfolio manager” means a body corporate, which pursuant to a contract with a client, advises or directs or undertakes on behalf of the client (whether as a discretionary portfolio manager or otherwise) the management or administration of a portfolio of securities or goods or funds of the client, as the case may be.
(b) The term “securities” is defined under Section 2 (h)(i) of the Securities Contract Regulations Act, 1956 (the SCRA Act) which inter alia includes — shares, scrips, stocks, bonds, debentures, debenture stock or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or other body corporate. In terms of Section 1(2) of the SCRA, the Act is applicable to the territory of India and therefore the term 'securities' as defined under the SCRA may be construed to securities issued, listed or proposed to be listed in India.
(c) Further, under Section 24 of the Companies Act, 2013, SEBI is empowered to regulate matters related to issue and transfer of securities and non payment of dividends by listed companies or of those companies which intend to get their securities listed on any recognised stock exchange in India. Therefore SEBI may regulate the issue and transfer of only securities of those companies incorporated in India, which are listed or intend to get listed in the recognised stock exchanges.
(d) Thus, to the extant legal framework governing portfolio managers does not envisage investment in / advise on offshore shares and securities which are neither listed or intend to get listed in the recognised stock exchanges.
(ii) In regards to query (ii), response is not provided in terms of clause 8 (viii) of SEBI (informal Guidance) Scheme 2003 which states the following : “SEBI may not respond to following type of requests … vii those cases where policy concerns require that the Department does not respond.”