SEBI/HO/IMD/DF6/CIR/P/2020/24 dated February 05, 2020
All Alternative Investment Funds
Sub: Disclosure Standards for Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs)
(1) As a part of SEBI’s initiatives to streamline disclosure standards in the growing AIF space, SEBI through a Consultation Paper dated December 4, 2019 sought public comments on ‘Introduction of Performance Benchmarking’ and ‘Standardization of Private Placement Memorandum (PPM) for AIFs’. Considering inputs from public consultation and deliberations in Alternative Investment Policy Advisory Committee (AIPAC), it has been decided to introduce template(s) for PPM, subject to certain exemptions, and mandatory performance benchmarking for AIFs with provisions for additional customized performance reporting.
A. Template(s) for PPM
(2) PPM is a primary document in which all the necessary information about the AIF is disclosed to prospective investors. To ensure that a minimum standard of disclosure is made available in the PPM, it has been decided to mandate a template for the PPM providing certain minimum level of information in a simple and comparable format. AIFs are also permitted to provide additional information in their PPM.
(3) Thus, the template for PPM shall have two parts
Part A – section for minimum disclosures, and
Part B – supplementary section to allow full flexibility to the Fund in order to provide any additional information, which it deems fit.
(5) Further, in order to ensure compliance with the terms of PPM, it will be mandatory for AIFs to carry out an annual audit of such compliance. The audit shall be carried out by either internal or external auditor/legal professional. However, audit of sections of PPM relating to ‘Risk Factors’, ‘Legal, Regulatory and Tax Considerations’ and ‘Track Record of First Time Managers’ shall be optional.
(6) The findings of the audit, along with corrective steps, if any, shall be communicated to the Trustee or Board or Designated Partners of the AIF, Board of the Manager and SEBI.
(7) The terms of contribution or subscription agreement (by any name as it may be called), shall be aligned with the terms of the PPM and shall not go beyond the terms of the PPM.
(8) The requirements as mentioned at para no. 2 and 5 above shall not apply to the following:
(i) Angel Funds as defined in SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds), Regulations 2012.
(ii) AIFs/Schemes in which each investor commits to a minimum capital contribution of INR 70 crores (USD 10 million or equivalent, in case of capital commitment in non-INR currency) and also provides a waiver to the fund from the requirement of PPM in the SEBI prescribed template and annual audit of terms of PPM, in the manner provided at Annexure 3.
(9) The aforesaid requirements shall come into effect from March 01, 2020.
B. Performance Benchmarking of AIFs
(10) Based on the request of the industry, it was considered appropriate that an industry benchmark be developed to compare the performance of AIF industry against other investment avenues, as also global investment opportunities. Accordingly, a proposal for performance benchmarking of AIFs was incorporated in the aforementioned Consultation Paper.
(11) As the industry needs the flexibility to showcase its performance based on different criteria and benchmarking of performance of AIFs will help investors in assessing the performance of the AIF industry, it is decided to introduce:
(a) Mandatory benchmarking of the performance of AIFs (including Venture Capital Funds) and the AIF industry.
(b) A framework for facilitating the use of data collected by Benchmarking Agencies to provide customized performance reports
(12) In this regard, the following is mandated:
(i) Any association of AIFs (“Association”), which in terms of membership, represent at least 51% of the number of AIFs, may notify one or more Benchmarking Agencies, with whom each AIF shall enter into an agreement for carrying out the benchmarking process.
(ii) The agreement between the Benchmarking Agencies and AIFs shall cover the mode and manner of data reporting, specific data that needs to be reported, terms including confidentiality in the manner in which the data received by the Benchmarking Agencies may be used, etc.
(iii) AIFs, for all their schemes which have completed at least one year from the date of ‘First Close’, shall report all the necessary information including scheme-wise valuation and cash flow data to the Benchmarking Agencies in a timely manner.
(iv) The form and format of reporting shall be mutually decided by the Association and the Benchmarking Agencies.
(v) If an applicant claims a track-record on the basis of India performance of funds incorporated overseas, it shall also provide the data of the investments of the said funds in Indian companies to the Benchmarking Agencies, when they seek registration as AIF.
(vi) In the PPM, as well as in any marketing or promotional or other material, where past performance of the AIF is mentioned, the performance versus benchmark report provided by the benchmarking agencies for such AIF/Scheme shall also be provided.
(vii) In any reporting to the existing investors, if performance of the AIF/Scheme is compared to any benchmark, a copy of the performance versus benchmark report provided by the Benchmarking Agency shall also be provided for such AIF/scheme.
(viii) As a first step, Association will appoint Benchmarking Agencies and thereafter will set timeline for reporting of requisite data to Benchmarking Agencies by all the registered AIFs. In this regard, Association and Benchmarking Agencies will ensure that the first industry benchmark and AIF level performance versus Benchmark Reports are available latest by July 01, 2020, for the performance upto September 30, 2019. Further the Association shall submit a progress report in this regard to SEBI on a monthly basis till the creation of first industry benchmark.
(14) In addition to the standard benchmark report prepared by the Benchmarking Agencies, if any AIF seeks customized performance reports in a particular manner, the same may be generated by the Benchmarking Agencies, subject to:
(i) Consent of the AIFs, whose data needs to be considered for generation of the customized performance report.
(ii) Terms and conditions, including fees, decided mutually between the Benchmarking Agencies and the AIF.
(15) The requirements as mentioned at para no. 11 to 14 above shall not apply to Angel Funds registered under sub-category of Venture Capital Fund under Category I – AIF.
(16) This circular is issued in exercise of powers conferred under Section 11(1) of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 to protect the interests of investors in securities and to promote the development of, and to regulate the securities market.
- The circular is available on SEBI website at sebi.gov.in under the categories
“Legal framework – Circulars” and “Info for – Alternative Investment Funds”.
Template for waiver of compliance with SEBI prescribed template of PPM and audit compliance with the terms of PPM
(Name of Manager)
Manager of (Name of AIF/ Scheme)
Sub: Waiver of compliance with SEBI template for PPM and waiver of audit of compliance with the terms of PPM
We are considering to invest in (Name of the AIF/Scheme) managed by (Name of the Manager). We understand that (Name of the AIF) is registered with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and as such is required to provide a Private Placement Memorandum in the template prescribed by SEBI, which has two parts viz.: Part A – Standard section for minimum disclosure
Part B – Supplementary section to allow flexibility to the Fund in order to provide any additional information
Further, SEBI also prescribes an audit of compliance of the AIF with the terms of PPM, as specified by SEBI from time to time.
We confirm that we have the independent ability and mechanism to carry out due diligence of our investments, as well as to monitor the operations and compliance with the terms of PPM of the Funds in which we invest; including (Name of the AIF/ Scheme), to the extent required by us.
Accordingly, in terms of SEBI circular dated February 05, 2020, we hereby grant waiver to (name of the AIF) from the requirement of providing PPM in the template format as prescribed by SEBI and also grant waiver to (Name of the AIF/ Scheme) from the requirement of conducting an annual audit of compliance with the terms of the PPM furnished to us.
Notwithstanding the waiver granted herein, we understand that (name of the AIF/Scheme) is not permitted, under SEBI Regulations, to sign a Contribution agreement/ Subscription agreement (by any name as it may be called) that is, in any way, in contradiction with the terms of the PPM or goes beyond the terms of the PPM furnished to us.
(Signed by two authorized signatories of the investor)
Operational Guidelines for implementation of Performance Benchmarking
(a) Performance Benchmarking shall be done on a half yearly basis based on the data as on September 30 and March 31 of each year.
(b) AIFs/ Schemes that have completed at least one year from First Close, shall provide all the necessary information/data to the Benchmarking Agencies.
(c) AIFs shall provide data on cash flows and valuation of their scheme-wise investments to the Benchmarking Agencies in the form and format required by each Benchmarking Agency, within 45 days from the end of every half-year ending on 30th September and within 6 months from the end of every half-year ending on 31st The format of data reporting shall mandatorily include details of valuation principles and the name of the Valuation Agency appointed by the AIF.
(d) Periodicity of valuation of investments shall be as provided in the AIF Regulations.
(e) Data provided for March 31 of every year shall be audited data and for September 30 may be unaudited data.
(f) Valuation of investments shall be in the manner provided in the specific Scheme’s PPM or fund documents, as the case may be. Any change to valuation principle shall be informed to the Benchmarking Agencies in the immediate next data submission.
(g) Assets under Management (AUM) for the purpose of reporting and benchmarking shall be the value of total capital drawn down under the Scheme.
(h) The performance reporting and benchmarking shall be carried out on pre-tax Net Asset Value (NAV) of the Scheme.
(i) Benchmarking Agencies shall compile the data received from AIFs and create comparable industry performance benchmarks for the various categories of AIFs i.e. Category I, II and III, separately for each year since 2012. The industry performance benchmarks will be disseminated in a manner that is accessible to the public.
(j) Considering the diverse investment strategies and investment avenues that can be deployed by an AIF within the same category of AIF, additional performance benchmarks may be created, based on certain other parameters [besides those covered under (i) above]. Benchmarking Agency shall ensure that such performance benchmarking shall be based on objectively verifiable parameters like instrument of investment, tenure/vintage of the fund, focus sectors, etc.
(k) Benchmarking Agencies shall provide a Performance Benchmark Report to the individual AIFs/ Schemes vis-à-vis the industry benchmarks.
(l) Each Benchmarking Agency shall clearly provide the basis of benchmarking of individual AIFs/ Schemes as well as calculation of the industry benchmark, along with the Benchmark Report.
(m) The performance data and benchmarks shall be reported in both INR and USD terms.
(n) Benchmarking Agencies may create customized Performance Reports, at the specific request of an AIF/ Scheme, in the following manner:
(o) Identification of the set of AIFs that meet the particular criteria on which customized performance report is to be generated.
(p) Such identification may be either on the basis of self-attestation by the relevant AIFs or by independent verification by Benchmarking Agencies.
(q) Receipt of express consent of the AIFs whose data is needed for creating such report.
(r) Preparation of customized performance reports may be a fee-based service, as decided mutually between the AIFs and the Benchmarking Agencies.
(s) Customized performance reports thus generated shall be called “Performance Report” as against the nomenclature “Benchmark Report”, which shall be used for the standard benchmark reports generated based on SEBI mandate.